Not a healthcare professional? Go to the patient or caregiver website.

BOSULIF®Warnings and Precautions (bosutinib)

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Gastrointestinal Toxicity

Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain occur with BOSULIF treatment. Monitor and manage patients using standards of care, including antidiarrheals, antiemetics, and fluid replacement.

In the randomized clinical trial in patients with newly-diagnosed Ph+ CML, the median time to onset for diarrhea (all grades) was 3 days and the median duration per event was 3 days.

Among 546 patients in a single-arm study in patients with CML who were resistant or intolerant to prior therapy, the median time to onset for diarrhea (all grades) was 2 days and the median duration per event was 2 days. Among the patients who experienced diarrhea, the median number of episodes of diarrhea per patient during treatment with BOSULIF was 3 (range 1–268).

To manage gastrointestinal toxicity, withhold, dose reduce, or discontinue BOSULIF as necessary [see Dosage and Administration (2.3) and Adverse Reactions (6)].

5.2 Myelosuppression

Thrombocytopenia, anemia and neutropenia occur with BOSULIF treatment. Perform complete blood counts weekly for the first month of therapy and then monthly thereafter, or as clinically indicated. To manage myelosuppression, withhold, dose reduce, or discontinue BOSULIF as necessary [see Dosage and Administration (2.4) and Adverse Reactions (6)].

5.3 Hepatic Toxicity

Bosutinib may cause elevations in serum transaminases (alanine aminotransferase [ALT], aspartate aminotransferase [AST]).

One case consistent with drug induced liver injury (defined as concurrent elevations in ALT or AST greater than or equal to 3×ULN with total bilirubin greater than 2×ULN and alkaline phosphatase less than 2×ULN) occurred without alternative causes in a breast cancer (a disease for which BOSULIF is not indicated) trial of BOSULIF in combination with letrozole. The patient recovered fully following discontinuation of BOSULIF. This case represented 1 out of 1611 patients in BOSULIF clinical trials.

In the 268 patients from the safety population in the randomized clinical trial in patients with newly-diagnosed CML in the BOSULIF treatment group, the incidence of ALT elevation was 31% and AST elevation was 23%. Of patients who experienced transaminase elevations of any grade, 79% experienced their first event within the first 3 months. The median time to onset of increased ALT and AST was 32 and 43 days, respectively, and the median duration was 20 and 15 days, respectively.

Among the 546 patients in a single-arm study in patients with CML who were resistant or intolerant to prior therapy, the incidence of ALT elevation was 18% and AST elevation was 15%. Twenty percent of the patients experienced an increase in either ALT or AST. Most cases of transaminase elevations in this study occurred early in treatment; of patients who experienced transaminase elevations of any grade, more than 80% experienced their first event within the first 3 months. The median time to onset of increased ALT and AST was 35 and 33 days, respectively, and the median duration for each was 21 days.

Perform hepatic enzyme tests monthly for the first 3 months of BOSULIF treatment and as clinically indicated. In patients with transaminase elevations, monitor liver enzymes more frequently. Withhold, dose reduce, or discontinue BOSULIF as necessary [see Dosage and Administration (2.3) and Adverse Reactions (6)].

5.4 Cardiac Failure

Cardiac failure and left ventricular dysfunction have been reported in patients taking BOSULIF. These events occurred more frequently in previously treated patients than in patients with newly diagnosed CML and were more frequent in patients with advanced age or risk factors, including previous medical history of cardiac failure.

In a randomized study with newly diagnosed CML, cardiac failure occurred in 1.5% of patients treated with BOSULIF compared to 0.8% of patients treated with imatinib.

In a single-arm study in patients with CML who were resistant or intolerant to prior therapy, cardiac failure was observed in 5.3% of patients treated with BOSULIF.

Monitor patients for signs and symptoms consistent with cardiac failure and treat as clinically indicated. Interrupt, dose reduce, or discontinue BOSULIF as necessary [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

5.5 Fluid Retention

Fluid retention occurs with BOSULIF and may manifest as pericardial effusion, pleural effusion, pulmonary edema, and/or peripheral edema.

In the randomized clinical trial of 268 patients with newly-diagnosed CML in the bosutinib treatment group, 1 patient (0.4%) experienced severe fluid retention of Grade 3 pericardial effusion. Among 546 patients in a single-arm study in patients with Ph+ CML who were resistant or intolerant to prior therapy, Grade 3 or 4 fluid retention was reported in 26 patients (5%). Some patients experienced more than one fluid retention event. Specifically, 21 patients experienced Grade 3 or 4 pleural effusions, 7 patients experienced Grade 3 or Grade 4 pericardial effusions, and 6 patients experienced Grade 3 edema.

Monitor and manage patients using standards of care. Interrupt, dose reduce or discontinue BOSULIF as necessary [see Dosage and Administration (2.3) and Adverse Reactions (6)].

5.6 Renal Toxicity

An on-treatment decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) has occurred in patients treated with BOSULIF. Table 3 identifies the shift from baseline to lowest observed eGFR during BOSULIF therapy for patients in the pooled leukemia studies regardless of line of therapy. The median duration of therapy with BOSULIF was approximately 14 months (range, 0.03 to 123) for patients in these studies.

Table 3: Shift From Baseline to Lowest Observed eGFR Group During Treatment Safety Population in Clinical Studies (N=1272)*
BaselineFollow-Up
Renal Function StatusNNormal
n (%)
Mild
n (%)
Mild to Moderate
n (%)
Moderate to Severe
n (%)
Severe
n (%)
Kidney Failure
n (%)
Abbreviations: eGFR=estimated glomerular filtration rate; N/n=number of patients.
Notes: Grading is based on Modification in Diet in Renal Disease method (MDRD).
Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Classification by eGFR: Normal: greater than or equal to 90, Mild: 60 to less than 90, Mild to Moderate: 45 to less than 60, Moderate to Severe: 30 to less than 45, Severe: 15 to less than 30, Kidney Failure: less than 15 ml/min/1.73 m2.
*
Among the 1272 patients, eGFR was missing in 9 patients at baseline or on-therapy. There were no patients with kidney failure at baseline.
Normal468102 (21.8)298 (63.7)46 (9.8)16 (3.4)2 (0.4)2 (0.4)
Mild63911 (1.7)266 (41.6)250 (39.1)83 (13.0)21 (3.3)3 (0.5)
Mild to Moderate12808 (6.3)45 (35.2)57 (44.5)18 (14.1)0
Moderate to Severe3201 (3.1)1 (3.1)9 (28.1)17 (53.1)3 (9.4)
Severe1000001 (100)
Total1268113 (8.9)573 (45.2)342 (27.0)165 (13.0)58 (4.6)9 (0.7)

Monitor renal function at baseline and during therapy with BOSULIF, with particular attention to those patients who have preexisting renal impairment or risk factors for renal dysfunction. Consider dose adjustment in patients with baseline and treatment emergent renal impairment [see Dosage and Administration (2.5)].

5.7 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action, BOSULIF can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. There are no available data in pregnant women to inform the drug-associated risk. In animal reproduction studies conducted in rats and rabbits, oral administration of bosutinib during organogenesis caused adverse developmental outcomes, including structural abnormalities, embryo-fetal mortality, and alterations to growth at maternal exposures (AUC) as low as 1.2 times the human exposure at the dose of 500 mg/day (see Data). Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment and for at least 2 weeks after the last dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)].

Did you find an answer to your question? Yes No
Did you find an answer to your question? Yes No